MIDL 2021

International Conference on
Medical Imaging with Deep Learning
5. bis 7. Juli 2021

Mobile Applications for Self-management of Chronic Diseases: A Systematic Review

TitelMobile Applications for Self-management of Chronic Diseases: A Systematic Review
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsStahr B., Fudickar S., Lins C.
Associate EditorBier N., Fred A., Gamboa H.
Conference NameProceedings of the 15th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - HEALTHInf
Date Published2
PublisherINSTICC - Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication
ISBN Number9789897585524
SchlüsselwörterChronic Disease, Health Apps, mHealth, Quantified Self, Self-management

Objectives: Since apps have been gaining popularity, they are also used to support the treatment of chronic diseases. However, the effectiveness of these measures has not been fully confirmed. This review deals with features that make these apps effective. Methods: In this structured literature survey, relevant studies from the year 2014 to 2019 were identified. Inclusion criteria were that the study included an app that was used to alleviate symptoms of chronic diseases or was intended to support the preventive treatment of patients. Results: Ten studies were examined in detail, of which seven found significant effects. Factors, which increase the effectiveness of mHealth apps include easy integration into everyday life, appropriate training of users, tailoring the app to the target group, focusing on improving the relationship between user and disease, and user-specific treatment of symptoms. Tracking of symptoms, education, and a chat can also increase effectiveness. Conclusions: Most of the papers reviewed showed a positive impact of mobile apps on chronic disease progression. However, a negative factor was also identified, in which patients became more involved with their illnesses as a result of the intervention, which increased the perceived severity of the illness and thus reduced the quality of life.

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