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Characterizing the Influence of Muscle Activity in fNIRS Brain Activation Measurements

TitleCharacterizing the Influence of Muscle Activity in fNIRS Brain Activation Measurements
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsVolkening N., Unni A., Löffler B.S., Fudickar S., Rieger J.W., Hein A.
Conference NameIFAC-PapersOnLine
Volume49
Pages84 - 88
Date Published2016
ISSN Number2405-8963
Abstract

Driving is a complex and cognitively demanding task. It is essential to assess the cognitive state of the driver in order to design cognitive technical systems that can adapt to different driver cognitive states. Our research attempts to assess these states using functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) by measuring brain activity in a virtual reality driving simulator. However, the fNIRS brain activation measurements could be influenced by muscle activity and we wanted to investigate this phenomenon. For this, we designed a paradigm with two conditions (listen, teeth clench) which show a significant contrast in the influence of muscle activity. We observed that the muscle hemodynamic response can show a higher magnitude of signal change compared to brain hemodynamic response. The muscle hemodynamic response showed an increase in deoxygenated hemoglobin (HbR) whereas the brain hemodynamic response showed a decrease in HbR. Moreover, the dynamics of the brain and muscle hemodynamic response differed. The brain response showed the same latency for oxygenated hemoglobin (HbO) and HbR while the muscle HbR response had a slower latency compared to HbO. We concluded that the fNIRS brain activation measurements could indeed be influenced by muscle activity. We were also able to determine some characteristics of the muscle hemodynamic response.

DOI10.1016/j.ifacol.2016.08.013
Created at November 22, 2021 - 2:56pm by Fudickar.

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